FAQ’s

How does water become hard?
How can water be softened?
How can you tell if water Is soft?
Will my family be deprived of minerals necessary to good health in drinking water softened by the ion exchange process?
Should softened water be used for watering house plants or for sprinkling the garden or lawn?
Is the sodium in softened water harmful to people on restrictive salt diets?
How much soap or detergent should be used in softened water?
Is there any place I can write for additional information on the subject of soft water and health?

How does water become hard?top

ANSWER: In nature, water moves through a cycle, from soft to hard to soft. Rainwater is naturally soft. After falling to earth, it may pass through or over rocks and other ground formations, dissolving minerals and carrying them off. if it later flows into a lake and evaporates, the water is softened naturally: the vapour rises, leaving the minerals behind. Water drawn from rivers, wells, or other ground sources may have dissolved enough minerals to be considered hard.

How can water be softened?top

ANSWER: There are two common softening methods. One method is the use of a sequestering agent. A chemical added to the hard water attaches itself to the hardness minerals, isolating and neutralizing them. Detergents contain some amount of sequestering agents. Second, water can be softened by ion exchange. This is the most common method used in home and commercial softening. Hard water flows over beads of ion-exchange resin in a tank. The resin has been coated with sodium ions, taken from salt brine when the softener regenerates. The beads attract and hold the hardness minerals and replace them with the sodium ions. Removal of the calcium and magnesium minerals makes the water soft.

How can you tell if water Is soft?top

ANSWER: Mix several flakes of pure soap (such as Ivory Snow) with 3/4 of a glass of water Shake it vigorously. If the water and soap form suds that last several minutes, the water is soft. If no suds form, or if a scum or film becomes visible, the water is hard. This simple test is , in fact, -the most common scientific method of The flask on the left contains water “treated” by a catalytic conditioner. The flask on the right contains water softened by ion exchange. Note the difference in suds.distinguishing hard water. Soap always forms a curd when mixed with calcium and magnesium, and always forms suds or a lather when the hardness minerals are absent. Be sure to use pure soap for your test, not detergent. Detergents contain sequestering agents to overcome hardness chemically, thus making the! test invalid. The curd or scum created by the minerals in hard water is what causes bath tub ring, makes clothes stiff and grey, puts spots on glasses and cutlery, and forms scale in hot water heaters.

Will my family be deprived of minerals necessary to good health in drinking water softened by the ion exchange process?top

ANSWER: No. Primarily the human body gains the minerals necessary to good health through eating foods not through drinking water. The body may absorb or use the minerals in water but, in most cases, the amount would not be significant. In order for a person to obtain significant minerals from water, it would be necessary to drink many gallons daily. In general, neither a water with a high mineral content nor a fully softened water could be considered a significant source of minerals. In contrast, one gallon of milk provides the mineral equivalent of a bathtub full of ordinary well water.

Should softened water be used for watering house plants or for sprinkling the garden or lawn?top

ANSWER: Where the amount of hardness minerals in the water is only moderate (less than 10 gpg), it is doubtful whether the sodium concentration would be sufficient to be a serious hazard to plants. Most house plants require specific soil conditions for healthy growth. Many thrive best in slightly acidic soils. If there is a high hardness concentration in the water being softened, the chances are good that necessarily high sodium concentration of the soft water would be harmful to plants. For outside sprinkling purposes, the use of softened water is first and foremost, wasteful. Again, where the concentration of hardness minerals is heavy, the sodium salts replacing them would definitely retard growth and might be sufficient to kill the grass.

Is the sodium in softened water harmful to people on restrictive salt diets?top

ANSWER: Much depends on the strictness of the diet itself. Where the patient is on an extremely restrictive diet, he should drink neither hard nor softened water. Under these conditions, he should have demineralized water, distilled water or water known to be free of sodium for drinking and for the cooking of his foods. Such patients are commonly hospitalized. In establishing a salt-free diet for patients, physicians should not overlook the fact that even hard water may contain appreciable amounts of sodium. To determine the amount a complete analysis of the water is necessary

How much soap or detergent should be used in softened water?top

ANSWER: When first using softened water for household cleaning chores, it is best to use as little soap as possible. If necessary, the homeowner can gradually increase the quantity to produce the desired results.

The habit of using far too much soap is not easily broken. Therefore, anyone contacting the customer should stress the coffee measure as being adequate rather than the cup or more that may have been necessary prior to the installation of a water softener.

Soft water is soft because the calcium and magnesium minerals have been removed.

Is there any place I can write for additional information on the subject of soft water and health?top

ANSWER: Yes. Send an e-mail to info@lifetimewatersystems.com or call us at 1-888-712-4400